Ibn Sa’d, The Classes …vol. 1, Parts 1.51.1
Hier vindt u de achtergrond en analyse
[isnad: Muhammad Ibn Umar informed us; he said: Yunus Ibn Muhammad Ibn Fudalah al-Zafari related to me on the authority of his father; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: Kathir Ibn Zayd related to me on the authority of al-Muttalib Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn Hantab; they said]:
The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him, had seen his people departing from him. He was one day sitting alone when he expressed a desire: I wish, Allah had not revealed to me anything distasteful to them. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him, approached them (Quraysh) and got close to them, and they also came near to him.
One day he was sitting in their assembly near the Ka’bah, and he recited: “By the Star when it setteth”, (= sura 53:1) till he reached, “Have ye thought upon Al-Uzza and Manat, the third, the other”. (53:19-20) Satan made him repeat these two phrases: “These idols are high and their intercession is expected.” [= satanic verses] The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him, repeated them, and he went on reciting the whole surah and then fell in prostration, and the people also fell in prostration with him.
[discussion about who exactly prostrated: Al-Walid Ibn al-Mughirah, who was an old man and could not prostrate, took a handful of dust to his forehead and prostrated on it. It is said: Abu Uhayhah Sa’id Ibn al-‘As, being an old man, took dust and prostrated on it. Some people say: It was al-Walid who took the dust; others say: It was Abu Uhayhah; while others say: Both did it.]
They were pleased with what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him, had uttered. They said: We know that Allah gives life and causes death. He creates and gives us provisions, but our deities will intercede with Him, and in what you have assigned to them, we are with you. These words pricked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him.
He was sitting in his house and when it was evening, Gabriel, may peace be on him, came to him and revised the surah. Then Gabriel said: Did I bring these two phrases. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: I ascribed to Allah, what He had not said. Then Allah revealed to him:
“And they indeed strove hard to beguile thee (Muhammad) away from that wherewith We have inspired thee, that thou shouldst invent other than it against Us; and then would they have accepted thee as a friend. And if We had not made thee wholly firm thou mightest almost have inclined unto them a little. Then had We made thee taste a double (punishment) of living and a double (punishment) of dying then hadst thou found no helper against Us. (sura 17:73-75)